February 10, 2016

Interstate Compact

The Interstate Compact for the supervision of parolees and probationers was established in 1937 and was the only vehicle that provided for the controlled movement of adult parolees and probationers across state lines.

A new Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision was ratified on June 19, 2002 when Pennsylvania became the 35th state to pass the new Compact Legislation (Louisiana was the 22nd state to enact the updated Compact law). All states as well as the District of Columbia, Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico are now signatory to the Compact.

Provisions for the new compact enhance public safety by ensuring that offenders are properly supervised. Its rules also have the full force and effect of statutory law. It provides enforcement capabilities against states which refuse to comply with the rules of the compact and it provides accountability by involving the legislative, executive and judicial branches as well as a victim rights representative as members of a state oversight council.

The new Interstate Compact for Adult Offenders Supervision also provides for a National Commission that has developed procedural rules and adopted an operating constitution that governs the member states. The Commission meets annually to review rules, develop policy and provide training. Louisiana is represented by our Compact Administrator who serves as a Commission member. This nationwide endeavor will directly impact the staffing needs and responsibility legally required for management of the Compact.

Louisiana has implemented a national computer database system known as ICOTS (Interstate Compact Offender Tracking System). This internet-based program will provide a nationwide, centralized format that will streamline the compact process, make it more efficient and reduce paperwork.

According to the National Institute of Corrections, approximately 3% of all parole and probation cases are supervised under the provisions of the Interstate Compact. Louisiana exceeds the national average with almost 5% of cases falling under the Compact.

More than 6,758 transfer investigation requests were processed through the Louisiana Interstate Compact Office in the 2009-2010 fiscal year.

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